Stock market is one place where you can make profits easily however the reverse is also true that you can lose big money in the stock market very easily. In fact for most investors the stock market crash and recession has caused them a lot of grief and pain.

That said there are a few things that you need to be careful about when you are investing in the stock market. The first step in this direction is to understand the terms and terminology of the stock market. Also make sure that you learn a few basic things regarding the operations of the stock exchanges. There are three stock exchanges in the US which the NYSE, NASDAQ and the American Stock exchanges.

After this the next step is to assess your risk profile. In fact risk assessment is a major barometer to tell how much of money you can invest and in what kind of shares. If you are absolutely risk averse and cannot afford to lose any money then you will have to invest in shares which are in the defensive sectors. They may not give very high returns but they will certain protect you from major capital erosion. On the other hand if you have huge amount of free cash and you can absorb enormous cash loss then you may invest in high risk stocks which can potentially give you returns in multiple digits.

Then next step for a stock market beginner is to make sure that you have a sound strategy of your own. In the stock market there are various strategies that have been there and all of these strategies have only one aim and that is making profits. The most favored strategy for small investors is the buy and hold strategy. This strategy is very good for long term investing and has the potential to make huge profits for you.

For those who can afford to take high risk the day trading strategy or the momentum stock trading strategy is a very good option. However the beginners should avoid this as this strategy is very risky and it takes time to become and expert in day trading.

Another factor that distinguishes the successful from not so successful is the perseverance.Those people who are diligent and patient will make more money than others. The key is to keep refining your strategy and reworking your stock portfolio to make money in the stock markets.

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